What are we teaching our students for?
This is not a personal, existential question, but a literal one. What future are we preparing our students for?
Parents send their students to school to be educated in what they know – consciously or not – is both a socially & culturally dynamic environment. Many school environments try to reflect the world that their students are entering but this task is becoming increasingly difficult as that world itself is undergoing such rapid changes.
A report by Mckinsey & Company,released in January 2017 highlighted the potential impacts of automation on employment and productivity. Despite warnings of mass unemployment from some well-respected individuals (Elon Musk, Steven Hawking & Bill Gates among them), the reality is existing issues such as workforce ageing and labour shifts will for the most part off-set the direct impacts of process automation.
The issue that concerns me most as an educator is how the existing design of the education system is not conducive to preparing a workforce that is able to adapt to the rapid changes occurring in the workplace. Students entering their final years of secondary education in 2017 will be looking to attend University at the completion of their education in numbers not seen in recent history. This is despite studies showing that the much vaunted “graduate earnings premium” that comes from having a University-level degree is no longer guaranteed.
Additionally, an increasing number of corporations are demanding a new type of skillset from their employees – skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, communication and the ability to collaborate globally. Some corporations have moved to offering cadetships to school leavers that combine paid work with further education, offering students targeted and individualised learning opportunities in the context of a real workplace. If the wealth of literature on the benefits of differentiation and the individualisation of learning in the compulsory years of education is anything to go by, such a model is more relevant than the traditional model of non-specific undergraduate degrees.
For those of us working in the Primary and Secondary education systems, these recent changes are not by any means a reason for despair. There is much we can do to ensure that we are teaching our students for a world that will demand a different set of skills from them. For many good teachers, these are the skills that we spend every day focusing on – working well with others, being respectful of differences, asking good questions, being creative in our thinking and our learning.
If anything, let’s hope that an increased focus by society on the value and importance of these 21st Century skills will relax some of the pressures we experience to just teach more content.